ShahidiHub International Journal of Theology & Religious Studies https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs <p>ShahidiHub International Journal of Theology &amp; Religious Studies- <strong>ISSN (Online Version): 2788-967X</strong> is a monthly, double-blind, peer-reviewed, unrestricted access journal, published by “ShahidiHub Publishing” in Kenya, East Africa. The journal publishes original and recent scholarly research, of both empirical and theoretical nature.<br /><br /><strong>Areas / Fields<br /></strong>Exegetical Theology, Biblical Studies, Biblical Theology, Systematic Theology, Historical Theology, Practical Theology, Political Theology, Ecological Theology, Hermeneutics, African Christian Theology, African Church History, Church History, Theology &amp; Culture, Theology &amp; Development, World Christianity, Intercultural/Missions &amp; Church Planting Studies, Pastoral Studies, and Translation Studies, Comparative Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Christian Ethics.</p> en-US editor@shahidihub.org (MANAGING EDITOR) shahidihub.journals@gmail.com (ELKANAH) Sun, 26 May 2024 09:04:24 -0400 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Challenges of the Autonomy of the Baptist Mid-Missions Churches: The Case of the Community of Independent Baptist Churches in the Central African Republic https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/221 <p>This paper examined the challenges of the autonomy of the Baptist Mid-Missions (BMM) offspring churches, specifically those of the Community of Independent Baptist Churches (CIBC). BMM, an American missionary society, entered Oubangui-Chari in 1921. The Pioneer missionary, William Clarence Haas, was eager to proclaim the gospel in the heart of Africa. As soon as Clarence and his co-workers arrived, they set up mission stations for the mission work. Soon after, Haas died, but the mission continued. The missionaries of the BMM planted churches and trained the national auxiliaries but at a low intellectual level, making them unqualified to face the prevailing ecclesiastical challenges. On the social level, the missionaries founded hospitals and schools that sadly are not a reference today. The CIBC churches were granted autonomy in 1995, after the last split with the National Association of Baptist Churches almost 74 years after the establishment of the BMM in Oubangui-Chari. In the face of leadership, evangelism, and financial challenges, CIBC must become aware of its missional role according to Matthew 28:19–20 church's mission 1:8.</p> Dongobada Romaric Didacien Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/221 Fri, 24 May 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Inculturation Task: Rooting the Gospel Firmly in Luo Culture https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/228 <p>Inculturation refers to embodying the Christian message in a specific cultural setting through elements unique to the culture while serving as a guiding principle that unifies and revitalizes the church. In this study, the author argues that evangelization in the Luo culture must incorporate the principles of inculturation in order to have a deep and meaningful impact. This approach allows for the critical integration of culture into the church’s life, moving away from the traditional one-way approach to evangelization and towards a more interactive and complementary process. Using library research, this paper argues that inculturation is needed for the gospel to make a lasting impact in the Luo culture. Through inculturation, the church can reassess its evangelizing mission, building on its past successes and redefining its objectives and direction. This paper highlights themes such as family, marriage, hospitality, veneration of ancestors, respect of the elders, and death as critical in rooting the gospel firmly in the Luo culture.</p> Manase Ogola Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/228 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Filling Up What Is Lacking in Christ’s Afflictions: Pauline Understanding of Suffering in Colossians 1:24--2:5 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/231 <p>The theme of suffering is well-grounded in the Bible. Paul refers to suffering concerning Christian ministry in Colossians 1:24; “Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh, I am filling up what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions for the sake of his body, that is the church.” This study aims to determine the exegetical and theological issues of this verse within its context (Col 1:24–2:5). This is done through an exegesis of Colossians 1:24–2:5. The study concludes that the phrase “what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions…” has nothing to do with his death as an atoning sacrifice for sin but more about the afflictions that Paul and the rest of the body of Christ will bear for the sake of Christ in the cause of bearing witness for him. This study has also found that nowhere else in the Pauline corpus is the word affliction used regarding Christ. Rather, it is always about Paul. This study has also found out that παθήματα and θλίψις (afflictions and sufferings) are synonymously used.</p> Fredrick Muthamia John Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/231 Mon, 17 Jun 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Socio-Religious Factors Hindering Evangelism to Muslims in Kajiado County, Kenya https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/232 <p>Evangelism to Muslims has been a big challenge to many Christians across the globe due to numerous factors. Although many Christians are passionate about mission activities, very few engage in Muslim evangelism. This study investigated the socio-religious factors hindering evangelism to Muslims. The study was motivated by the researcher’s passion for missions to Muslims. The researcher has observed laxity in reaching out to Muslims with the gospel by many church leaders. The researcher prays that missions to Muslims become the focus of the churches and that they may experience a revival of going to the whole world teaching and baptism by the power of God, as admonished in Mathew 28:18–20. Additionally, this research will benefit church leaders, Christians, missionaries, and other scholars researching the same topic. The researcher used a qualitative approach to extract in-depth and reliable information from the informants. The qualitative approach was ethnographic, where the researcher systematically examined church leaders’ lived experiences and perceptions regarding evangelism to Muslims. The data collection technique was personal and telephone interviews with open-ended questions and participant observation. The researcher used key tools such as a notebook, audio recorder, and mobile phone to curb the possibility of forgetting. This helped the researcher collect and analyze the data. The scope of the study was strictly 30 church leaders in Africa Inland Church Ongata Rongai District, Kajiado County, Kenya. Out of the analyzed information, the researcher developed conclusions and recommendations.</p> Joshua Kioko Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/232 Tue, 18 Jun 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Influence of Traditional Prayers on the Communication of the Gospel in the Agikuyu Community https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/235 <p>This study examined the influence of Agikuyu traditional prayers on communicating the gospel in the Kikuyu community in Muranga County. The study focused on three specific objectives: analyze the structure, occasion, and performance of Agikuyu traditional prayers; explore key symbols, images, and beliefs that shape prayers; and establish how Agikuyu traditional prayers influence the communication of the Gospel. The study used the qualitative research method. The study participants were interviewed, and others filled out an open-ended questionnaire. In addition, five recorded Agikuyu prayers were reviewed. The study indicates that Agikuyu traditional prayers, &nbsp;punctuated with a particular chant (<em>thai thathaiya Ngai thai</em>), are mainly communal. Sacrifices and libation accompany prayers, unlike Christianity, where Christ is regarded as the ultimate sacrifice. These prayers were mainly offered during a calamity or a rite of passage celebration. Having the Agikuyu supreme being domesticated around Mt. Kenya means less focus is on the people from other communities and places.</p> Edward Ngugi Mwangi Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/235 Wed, 26 Jun 2024 00:00:00 -0400 The Significance of Family Imagery in Biblical Theology https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/240 <p>It is possible to miss the overall message of the Bible unless one understands how various themes interconnect. Family is one of the themes that runs through the creation, fall, redemption, and new creation. It is presented as a typology in OT and NT, where God’s restorative work is presented. This paper examines the divine tapestry of Family and its significance in the grand redemption plan. It uses the Redemptive History approach to biblical theology to trace the development of the ‘Family theme’ from creation to the New Creation. The paper highlights that family is a creation ordinance that forms a foundational basis of redemption and that there is a shift in what the family is in the New Creation. In addition, it demonstrates that a proper understanding of the role of Family in God’s redemption story forms a foundation of Christian marriages and families. The paper advocates that since all believers will be part of God’s family in the New Creation, the functionality of earthly Christian families should be possible the fall of humanity. Thus, achieving functional families is feasible through the principles of Christ’s restoration and redemption work.</p> Eliud Mambo Muteti Copyright (c) 2024 https://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/240 Mon, 15 Jul 2024 00:00:00 -0400