ShahidiHub International Journal of Theology & Religious Studies http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs <p>ShahidiHub International Journal of Theology &amp; Religious Studies- <strong>ISSN (Online Version): 2788-967X</strong> is a monthly, double-blind, peer-reviewed, unrestricted access journal, published by “ShahidiHub Publishing” in Kenya, East Africa. The journal publishes original and recent scholarly research, of both empirical and theoretical nature.<br /><br /><strong>Areas / Fields<br /></strong>Exegetical Theology, Biblical Studies, Biblical Theology, Systematic Theology, Historical Theology, Practical Theology, Political Theology, Ecological Theology, Hermeneutics, African Christian Theology, African Church History, Church History, Theology &amp; Culture, Theology &amp; Development, World Christianity, Intercultural/Missions &amp; Church Planting Studies, Pastoral Studies, and Translation Studies, Comparative Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Christian Ethics.</p> en-US editor@shahidihub.org (MANAGING EDITOR) shahidihub.journals@gmail.com (ELKANAH) Mon, 05 Feb 2024 15:03:13 -0500 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Christian Parents' Role in Faith Development of their Children: A Case of Parents in Kayogoro Free Methodist Church Parish http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/201 <p>The main objective of this study was to analyze the role of parents in the faith development of their children in the Kayogoro Free Methodist Church community. The study sought to determine the extent to which Kayogoro parishioners participate in the faith development of their children. Parents or guardians play a significant role in their children's faith development because they spend substantial time with them. Parents' challenges in this role include lack of time, family conflicts, lack of biblical home teaching/devotions, and lack of skills to teach the word of God. Other factors hindering children's faith development include ignoring their parents' religious instructions and family prayer meetings and lacking Bible teaching at home. This study also recommends the following initiatives for Christian parents in promoting children's faith development: Sunday school classes, family prayer groups, daily home devotions, Christian parental models, regular church attendance, easy access to Christian parents by children, and a Christian environment.</p> Innocent Iyamuremye, Janvier Kubwimana, Samson Vyizigiro, Peter Buchuma, Edyson Ndayishimiye, Mélance Bikorimana, Sadock Bizimana, Adrien Sibomana , Alexis Havyarimana, Prosper Iyakaremye, Bernadette Ntamirukiro Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/201 Fri, 02 Feb 2024 00:00:00 -0500 Christian Perceptions of Discipleship Program in Africa Gospel Church Nkoroi in Kajiado County, Kenya http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/202 <p>Discipleship is undoubtedly one of the fundamental ministries of the church. For a church to experience a qualitative growth of its members, there has to be a focus on spiritual formation and development programs. This study aimed to understand the perceptions of Christians in Africa Gospel Church (AGC) Nkoroi on discipleship programs. It used a descriptive research design, with the target population comprised 215 church members. Twenty members were sampled and interviewed. The study found that AGC's emphasis on discipleship and spiritual growth has played a significant role in shaping the lives of its members and enabling them to live out their faith in meaningful ways. Also, the involvement of senior pastors and senior church members was found to be crucial in creating an environment where discipleship is valued and promoted. Finally, the study found that AGC Nkoroi's discipleship needs improvement to be more effective.</p> Timothee Mbusa Maliro Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/202 Wed, 07 Feb 2024 00:00:00 -0500 Inter-Religious Dialogue: The Relationship Between Christians and Muslims in the Central African Republic http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/203 <p>Since the pre-independence settlement in the Central African Republic (CAR), Muslims (1870) and Christians (1894) lived in harmony until 1980, when the arrival of foreign-trained doctors of Islamic law took place. The influence of these foreign-trained persons caused divisions in the country, with Muslims taking over all major sectors of the country. On December 10, 2012, Chadian, Sudanese and Central African Muslims formed a coalition that massacred people, especially Christians, until taking over power on March 24, 2013. They destroyed most Christians' property and institutions. In response, individuals claiming to be Christians responded vigorously in revenge to inflict damage on the Muslim camps in Bangui and in the interior of the country. This occurrence resulted in enmity between Christians and Muslims to date. Christians no longer feel free to share the gospel with their Muslim neighbours. Therefore, for inter-religious dialogue to happen, this article, on the one hand, uses excerpts from the suras of the Qur'an, the Hadits and the life of Muhammad that offer a call for co-existence and dialogue. On the other hand, the study references Bible verses and the life of Jesus on the issue of harmonious living. According to Christians, peaceful atmospheres will enable them to fulfil their missionary mandate as salt and light of the world (Matt 5:13–16). The methodology used is historical-analytical and textual.</p> Dongobada Romaric Didacien Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/203 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 -0500 Resolving Conflicts in Churches: Towards a Theology of Conflict Resolution in Burundi http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/204 <p>Burundi underwent a great deal of intra-ethnic and inter-ethnic conflicts and civil wars from 1993 to 2005. The inter-ethnic conflicts occurred between the majority Hutus and minority Tutsis. However, 2005 marked a new era with the beginning of multiparty democracy and general election. Since then, the efforts undertaken to address Burundi's historical experience of conflicts and civil wars included the establishment of the National Commission of Truth and Reconciliation in 2014. Although there have been gains to unite people, these intertribal tensions persist, even within Burundi church communities. Based on 2017 statistics, 93.9% of the population claimed to be Christians: Catholic (58.6%) and Protestant (35.23%). This article examines the nature of church conflict in Burundi and proposes a theology of conflict resolution. The church in Burundi needs a theology (based on love and forgiveness) that helps manage conflicts and maintain peace among congregations. The study employs a critical contextualization method rooted in the pastoral cycle.</p> Angélique Kanyange Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/204 Mon, 26 Feb 2024 00:00:00 -0500 Christ the True Human Bringing His Brothers to True Humanity: An Exegesis of Hebrews 2:5–9 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/206 <p>Reading Hebrews 2:5–9 prompts the interpreter to ask two critical questions: to whom does the author apply the quotation of Psalm 8, and—if the answer is Christ—why does he consider it appropriate to apply this Psalm to Christ? Arguably, applying the quotation directly to Christ emanates from a faithful exegesis of Psalm 8. Thus providing indirect support that the New Testament rightly interprets Old Testament texts. This further implies that the author of Hebrews finds in Christ a second Adam figure, which has implications for both his own person and ministry and for the mode by which he ‘brings many sons to glory.’ He is the eschatological ruler, humbled, exalted, obeyed, and pioneering ruler over all things. The original hearers were to entrust themselves to God, despite the world’s chaotic appearance, and to listen closely to the voice of God speaking in Jesus. As such, this section forms just one peg in the larger argument of Hebrews, which urges all listeners not to depart from Jesus for any reason.</p> Jonathan Douglas Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/206 Fri, 01 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0500 Towards a Practical Hope-Giving Theology: An Assessment of the Revitalizing Model of Arche de l'Alliance Goma in the Context of the Eastern Congo Crisis http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/208 <p>The Congolese of Eastern Congo have experienced many years of war and continue to live in poverty in a renowned, naturally rich country. In this part of the country, wealth is concentrated in the hands of an upper class constituted of government officials, military commanders, militia leaders (also known as warlords), and some businessmen and merchant women who work in connivance with the politicians. The lower classes, formed by most of the population in urban centres and rural villages, struggle to survive. Many Christians have joined Pentecostal churches, including <em>Arche de l'Alliance Goma,</em> because their message promises change amidst a desperate situation. This article proposes a theological reflection on hope amid suffering based on the question: How does a hope-giving theology, advocated by <em>Arche de l'Alliance Goma</em>, help Christians face the Eastern Congo crisis? Also, with the comparative method, the case study method is chosen to gather and report the findings based on research conducted 2019 through interviews and document analysis. The research finds that a practical hope-giving theology encompasses worship celebration, theological reflection, and social action engagement. Thus, hope is restored when Christians meet to listen to sermons during church services. A Pentecostal theology reinforces the aftermath of these gatherings focused on God's intervention in the human situation and a call to action to change uncomfortable conditions engendered by the long-persisted Eastern Congo crisis. Therefore, this study examines a revitalizing model that has served Christians in some churches to find ways of surviving amid suffering from the Eastern Congo sociopolitical and economic crisis.</p> Elias Kasereka Muhongya Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/208 Fri, 01 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0500 The Role of the Church in Promoting Climate Justice: A Theological Reflection on Environmental Sustainability and Food Security http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/214 <p>The problem of climate change and its consequences are among the serious issues for humanity today. Environmental degradation, the leading cause of climate change, is growing at a jet-like pace. In efforts to produce food and create wealth, Africans are forced to exploit nature, which has far-reaching consequences for communities. Climate change leads to powerlessness and vulnerability in African communities, further leading to chronic hunger and abject poverty. Food security, which means the availability of quality and sufficient quantity of food to all people all the time, is one of the fundamental human rights. Regrettably, today, more than 800 million people, mainly Africans, suffer from chronic hunger. Environmental degradation has not been adequately addressed, and there is a remarkable disconnection between the Christian Faith, food security and environmental sustainability. The techniques used for food production are not driven by biblical principles and ethical values, which are environmentally friendly. Land reclamation, destructive farming techniques, irrational application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and lack of awareness and willingness for environmental protection are some of the issues experienced in many African Christian communities. In this regard, this paper proposes an ethical and biblical-based model for food production that is environmentally friendly and promotes human holistic well-being in Africa. The methodology used in this article is Pastoral Circle, which involves four steps: Contact/ Insertion, Social Analysis, Theological Reflection and Pastoral Action. These steps allow interaction with communities to analyze what communities are experiencing together through guided observations and some literature reviews. The study calls for the discovery of the biblical principle of the sacredness of the whole creation, the interconnectivity and interdependence between humanity and the rest of creation, as they are all created by God for a purpose.</p> Rukundo Jean Pierre Methode Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/214 Fri, 05 Apr 2024 00:00:00 -0400 The Role of Christianity in Holistic Community Transformation http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/215 <p>Christianity has a holistic mandate to transform lives and communities. This mandate is based on the Great Commission (Matt 28:18–20) and Jesus' charge to his disciples to be the light of the world (Matt 5:14–15). The various communities around the world, especially in the majority of the world, are still vulnerable in terms of life conditions, hunger, wars, and conflicts. The paper assessed the role of the Christians/ churches in holistically transforming lives and societies. The methodology used was qualitative, employing secondary data, observation, and interviews. The holistic approach includes the spiritual, social, and physical dimensions. The article argues that transformation hinges on promoting Christian belief, fighting against poverty, and promoting socio-economic and conflict resolution in the communities. The paper concludes that this holistic transformation is vital to the well-being and existence of people in the communities.</p> Abel Bavakure Jumbe Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/215 Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 -0400 The Effect of Christian Perceptions on Evangelism among the Asian Communities in Kitale, Kenya http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/219 <p>In the Gospels, Jesus Christ commissioned his disciples to proclaim the gospel globally. The call to witness to people of all races, tribes, and ethnicities remains the primary call of the church across all ages. The Asian community in Kitale, Kenya, is still largely unreached with the gospel. This study aimed to establish the perception of Christians on Asians and the effects of the perceptions on Asian evangelism. The research employed a qualitative approach and phenomenology design. The study targeted 180 churches in the municipality, and eighteen pastors from different churches were sampled and interviewed. The study found that Asians are perceived variedly, positively, as open to the gospel, respectful, wealthy, and classy, but negatively as intolerant, pagans and idol worshippers, as well as people with closed socio-cultural structure. These mixed perceptions have significantly and negatively impacted Asian evangelism. The study recommends Asian awareness training, strengthening discipleship programs, Hindu training in theological schools, partnerships with like-minded ministries, and obedience to the Great Commission to ensure all people groups hear and respond to the gospel.</p> Amos Wamalwa Sifuna Copyright (c) 2024 http://shahidihub.org/shahidihub/index.php/ijtrs/article/view/219 Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 -0400